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About the abalone mushroom
Abalone mushroom is a fresh mushroom that provides many nutritional values with the ability to detoxify, protect liver cells, help fight cancer, fight viruses and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
According to the experience of longtime people in the profession, compared with other mushrooms, abalone mushrooms are quite easy to grow and on the background of straw, bagasse and sawdust, … the mushroom grows very well, so if this is a The first time you grow mushrooms, try it how to grow abalone mushrooms at home. Not only because of the delicious and nutritious taste, but this abalone mushroom is also easy to grow, grows quickly and is sturdy.
Growth conditions of abalone mushrooms
You don’t think you have to prepare expensive ingredients and planting place because how to grow abalone mushrooms very simple at home. The mushroom growing process goes through many different stages and each stage will require different environmental conditions. Specifically:
- Nutritional cost: Different types of mushrooms will have different substrates and it is important that you choose the right substrate for that plant. For abalone mushrooms, you just need a substrate of straw, sawdust, coffee grounds and cardboard is enough for the mushroom to grow well.
- Ideal temperature from 20 – 24 degrees Celsius: This plays an important role in promoting fungal growth. If the temperature is lower, it will slow down the invasion process, if the temperature is too high, it will increase the growth rate, making the fungus more likely to be contaminated.
- Fresh air exchange and increased air circulation: Just like humans, mushrooms need to breathe, so you must keep the planting bag in a cool place to enhance air exchange and circulation.
- No or low light: Keeping mushrooms in the dark will help prevent them from dying prematurely, but that doesn’t mean you should leave them completely in the dark, you can keep these mushrooms in a cupboard, box or dark room. such as.
This is considered the most interesting stage because you can observe the mushroom growing gradually:
- Indirect light: Unlike fruit and vegetable plants, mushrooms do not need direct light, these fungi only need indirect light to absorb nutrients from surrounding organic matter. Therefore, you can put the mushroom in a place near a window or in a shaded place because exposing it to direct light can cause it to dry out.
- High humidity: The ideal humidity needed is around 80-95%, so if it’s too dry, you can spray water twice a day and use a moisture-proof tent made of plastic bags to help maintain humidity.
- Optimal temperature: Usually, the most suitable temperature for mushrooms during this period is from 10-25 degrees Celsius, so this mushroom is easy to grow indoors.
- Fresh air exchange: The process of growing mushrooms is very necessary to breathe, so similarly, you need to place the mushroom in a cool place to help exchange and circulate the air.
Instructions on how to grow abalone mushrooms simple at home
Currently, there are 2 how to grow abalone mushrooms At home, you can refer to and consider the right conditions to choose how to grow:
How to grow abalone mushrooms from embryos
- Step 1: You can find mushroom seed embryos at stores that specialize in selling agricultural seedlings.
- Step 2: You divide the ingredients for growing mushrooms evenly and put them in each plastic bag, then fold the bottom of the bag squarely with your hands, then put the layer of straw on the bottom and press it tightly to the bottom of the bag with a layer of straw about 5cm thick.
- Step 3: You spread the mushroom embryo around the wall of the plastic bag and remember to squeeze the embryo out of the bag.
- Step 4: You continue to add the second layer of straw and then spread the same embryo until there are 4 layers. To the top layer of similar straw, you have to sprinkle the embryo on top of the straw, save a small round area to insert a cotton ball on the mouth of the bag and then tie the mouth tightly.
Note that each layer of straw put into a plastic bag will be about 5-7cm thick and each plastic bag will transplant about 50g of mushroom seed.
- Step 5: Done, you put the mushrooms in the right conditions for each stage. After about 25 days, you can check to see that the mushroom starts to grow and open the knot of the plastic bag and then make 6-8 incisions per bag for the mushroom to grow, but you must remember not to cut the bottom. or mouthful. During this time, remember to mist 4-6 times for each bag of mushrooms.
- Step 6: Until the mushroom ear has a diameter of 3 – 5 cm, it is harvested. After picking, you should not water immediately, but wait a few hours to water. After harvesting, you can wait about a week for the mushroom to grow a new canopy.
How to grow abalone mushrooms in styrofoam
Similar to how to grow abalone mushrooms with embryos, you need to find a place to buy mushroom embryos to start making.
- Step 1: You choose the most suitable place to grow mushrooms indoors, pay attention to places with high humidity, avoid direct sunlight, usually the ideal locations are under stairs or unused bathrooms. After that, you can choose a foam box with a height of at least 40cm, then punch holes around it to create ventilation and stick a clear plastic or old raincoat on the drum of the foam box to keep moisture.
- Step 2: You put the mushroom embryos that have run completely into the barrel and then stack them on top of each other, then remember to remove the cotton wool at the mouth of the embryo!
- Step 3: You use a mist sprayer to water the mushrooms, but remember that you should only water the body, not the mouth, and should water a lot to create good humidity.
- Step 4: When you see the mushrooms grow, you can water the mushroom ears to make the plants grow faster. Note on hot days, you should put a few ice cubes in to reduce the temperature inside the foam box and when not watering, you should cover the plastic to prevent moisture from escaping.
- Step 5: After 10 days, you can harvest the mushrooms, but not for longer. Because this will make the old mushrooms tough and no longer have the same nutrients as the original.
In addition, when harvesting, you should hold the mushroom neck with your hand and gently shake it to pull out the whole bunch of mushrooms. Similarly, after harvesting, you should wait another week and then continue to take care to harvest mushrooms in the next batch.
So you understand how to grow abalone mushrooms How are you doing at home, you can start right now. Tui98 hopes this sharing will help you create more value for your family meals.
Author: Team Tui98