Table of Contents
About chili plants
Chili is a spice plant that can live quite a long time. The characteristic of the chili plant is the grassy stem, which is not tall, but has many branches and leaves that grow staggered together, the peppers are elongated and the tip is pointed. This plant can bear fruit for many years. We can see this plant with many different names such as: Lat Tu, Lat pepper, …
You probably don’t know, in chili peppers contain capsaicin, which has analgesic and anesthetic effects. In addition, eating chili will also make you sweat, which is very good for the immune system, contributing to the prevention of colds and flu. In particular, chili peppers also contain minerals necessary in the formation of new blood cells, such as iron and copper. Therefore, eating chili can help you fight anemia too! In addition, chili is also a food that helps support weight loss, improve sleep, …
Why should you grow your own chili at home?
- The first reason is that growing a chili plant at home does not take as much time as you think. The stages from preparation to starting to implement and care for chili plants are wrapped up in a few steps and anyone can grow chili at home.
- The second reason, when growing chili plants at home, you can choose a variety of chili that your family loves and you will have a “self-sufficient” source of fresher, more delicious peppers for daily meals. and ensure hygiene.
- Moreover, this is an easy plant to grow, does not take up space, you can grow it in plastic trays, pots, … Then, choosing a small corner of the balcony or terrace is enough.
So, there is no reason for you to give up on the goal of growing chili plants at home, right?
Classification of peppers, which type should be planted?
In Vietnam, there are many popular chili varieties. Depending on the taste and daily use needs, people can freely grow their favorite chili varieties. Here are a few names for your reference!
True to its unique name, this chili has a fruit that does not face downwards but points straight up to the sky. This type of chili is popular because the fruit is small but very spicy, suitable as a seasoning for processing dishes.
This type of chili is also known as Siamese chili, has oblong, small fruits, often growing in clusters of 2-3 fruits. Although the fruit is small but pungent, it is often used as a spice or as medicine to relieve pain, treat toothache, flatulence, …
Buffalo horn chili
Buffalo horn chili can be divided into many colors such as green horn chili, red horn chili, … The characteristics of this chili are beautiful fruit, medium spicy taste. In addition, this type of buffalo horn chili is also grown by many people for ornamental purposes.
This chili is really for those who can’t eat spicy, shaped like a bell with many eye-catching colors, crispy taste, often used to decorate dishes more special.
Growing conditions of chili plants
In addition to how to grow peppers, growing conditions are also an important factor in keeping the plant healthy. Chili plants should be planted in light, sandy soil that will drain more easily. At a temperature of 25 – 30 degrees, chili plants will germinate extremely well. This plant is not very drought tolerant and does not tolerate waterlogging. Therefore, to grow well, you need to provide plenty of light for the plant!
Instructions on how to grow chili simply and properly
How to grow chili by seeds
Before planting chili, you must make the soil loose, apply lime powder and organic fertilizer from rice husk ash, leaves, sawdust, … or buy tribat to mix into the soil to make the soil more nutritious. It is recommended to dry the soil in the box for about a week to be able to kill all the pathogens in the soil before sowing.
You should choose ripe, old red peppers to dry and then get seeds. After drying, soak for 6 – 10 hours with warm water of 40-50 degrees. Wrap the pepper seeds in a paper towel or cotton ball and soak them in water to incubate the seeds for 4-5 hours. Remember to check until the seeds germinate, then start the sowing phase!
Use a plastic tray with many small boxes or small pots to sow pepper seeds and pay attention to have holes for water to drain out, do not sow too thick. You just need to sow with a reasonable distance and do not forget to cover with a thin layer of soil on top. After that, remember to water lightly to keep the soil moist, place in a cool place and water daily. In addition, you also need to cover the pot with a cover within 2-3 days after sowing the seeds.
After the plant is about 7-10cm tall, pull it out and plant it in pots or foam containers so that the plants can grow as best as possible.
How to grow chili plants in pots
Similar to growing peppers by seed, we can find the right pot to prepare for sowing. However, you should note that the pot must be placed in a well-lit location to ensure enough temperature and light for the plant to grow.
The chili pot needs to be the right size for the variety you want to grow. Ideally, you should make sure the pot is at least 10 inches deep if you want your pepper plants to grow well. At the same time, the pot must have drainage holes so as not to cause waterlogging for the plants.
You should choose potting soil made from the environment inside the pot because this soil will quickly drain and can hold moisture well from top to bottom.
Depending on your needs, you can choose to sow peppers from seeds or buy ready-made chili plants to grow. However, growing young peppers will have a higher chance of survival and development.
How to properly care, harvest and store chili peppers
- Since chili peppers are a light-loving plant, you need to place your pepper plants in a sunny spot. If you want the plant to have a lot of fruit, you should actively pollinate the chili flowers.
- Every day, you can water the rice to wash the peppers and fertilize regularly enough for the chili plants to grow quickly.
- When the tree is about 20-25cm tall, you should pay attention to pruning the branches to make the tree produce more fruit.
- After harvesting, you should also continue to fertilize and water evenly so that the plant can continue to grow.
If you are looking for a way to grow extremely standard peppers, many fruits, then check out this article right away. Do not miss the latest articles of Tui98 for more useful information.
Author: Team Tui98